The Last Jew of Gora Kalwaria.

BUMPED:  On Holocaust Remembrance Day, and thanks to a commenter, I remember Gora Kalwaria:

It was 68 years ago to the day that the shtetl Gora Kalwaria lost all of its Jews.  According to the Yad Vashem website, the Jews from Gora Kalwaria, or Gur as it was known then, were deported to the Warsaw Ghetto between February 25-26, 1941.

Three years ago, a good Polish friend, a historian and endearing story-teller, took my family and me to this holy site, where we met the last Jew of Gora Kalwaria. I say holy, because it is regarded by both Jews and Christians alike as a place of pilgrimage. What did I know about this little town about 50 kms from Warsaw? Nothing!

G0ra Kalwaria means Calvary Hill. The Hebrew name is Ger, meaning the place to dwell. The Yiddish name is Gur. This little shtetl was the seat of the Hasidic Gur dynasty, founded by Isaac Meir Alter. It was a glorious winter day with snow everywhere, and a radiant and rare blue sky as the canopy.  Felix Karpman greeted us warmly, and was eager to show us the town of his birth, to which he returned after having escaped from Auschwitz twice as a 16-year old.Gora Kalwarie 4

On the other side of this bleak Polish building there is a synagogue that looks abandoned, but in reality, it is literally rising up from the ashes of history. I have had many Jewish friends and acquaintances tell me they would never come to Poland because, for them, the country is just a huge cemetery.

I cannot begin to justify a visit here, since I am not Jewish, and my relatives were not displaced or murdered in this part of the world. I cannot begin to fathom the horrors of such a family history. Yet, I do wonder whether by refraining from visiting Poland because of this painful history they are not denying themselves the opportunity to reconnect with the history behind a wonderful and vibrant culture that had so much to give to this part of the world.  That it was torn asunder… no question.  But, sometimes, coming back to a painful past yields golden nuggets.

The reality that the 3000 Jews from Gora Kalwaria were dislodged and perished in Auschwitz and Treblinka is horrific and perverse.   Yet, because of, or despite, this gruesome history, it is most moving to realize the resilience of its only lonely son, Felix Karpman, who keeps vigilance and tenderly cares for the cemetery long ago desecrated in infamy. Gora Kalwarie 8

Today, the cemetery is visited by many who erect lonely monuments, like the one by Argentine Jews. warsaw-3-06-001

“En memoria de Nuestros Seres Queridos Muertos por la Barbarie Nazi durante el Holocausto”

Since visiting the town of Gora Kalwaria in Poland in 2006 I have wanted to memorialize the experience, because it made an indelible mark on me.

Much to my surprise, yesterday I discovered that it was 68 years ago to the day that the town had lost all of its Jews.  According to the Yad Vashem website,the Jews from Gora Kalwaria, or Gur as it was known then, were deported to the Warsaw Ghetto between February 25-26, 1941. May their souls rest in peace. A requiem to the shtetl that is no more:

Gone now are those little towns where the shoemaker was a poet, The watchmaker a philosopher, the barber a troubadour.

Gone now are those little towns where the wind joined Biblical songs with Polish tunes and Slavic rue, Where old Jews in orchards in the shade of cherry trees Lamented for the holy walls of Jerusalem.

Gone now are those little towns, though the poetic mists, The moons, winds, ponds, and stars above them Have recorded in the blood of centuries the tragic tales, The histories of the two saddest nations on earth.

Elegy for the Little Jewish Towns by Antoni Sionimski.

Gora Kalwarie 6

Gora Kalwarie 7

The last Jew walks away from the bullet-riddled old cemetery gate.

Gora Kalwarie 9

Monument in the cemetery to commemorate the Jews who perished at the hands of the Nazis.

Gora Kalwarie 2

Felix Karpman stands next to the synagogue’s oven where the Jewish bread used to be baked.


This entry was posted in Auschwitz, Felix Karpman, Góra Kalwaria, Holocaust, Poland, Transformation and tagged , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

8 Responses to The Last Jew of Gora Kalwaria.

  1. Dear Myrtle,
    Thank you for your comments. This place is also very dear to my heart. You can always contact me at bdh at

  2. Dear Leah,
    The place is relatively small, but its historical significance is undeniable. My visit there made an indelible mark in me, and I do not have family who came from that region. I hope that, when you do go, you will find the spiritual connection that I discovered.

  3. Leah Sauter says:

    I recently discovered that my family comes from Ger, I hope to go there one day and learn more and more about it and about those who lost there lives. I am glad that there is someone there to care for their memory.

  4. Pingback: The Jews of Afghanistan. | Dum Spiro SperoDum Spiro Spero

  5. Dear Rose Pelc,

    Here you can find a lot of information about Gora Kalwaria:

    If you go to this link (, you will see a few Pelc’s, spelled Peltz.

    The original book with the story of Ger (Megiles Ger) is in the New York Public Library, and you can see it in this link:

    Megiles Ger has been translated into English.

    I wish I could be of more help.

    Best of luck,

    Barbara Dillon Hillas

  6. Rose Pelc says:

    I am writing to Morris Pelc or Helman. My father is Bencjan Pelc. He immigrated to Toronto, Canada. I have recently been to Gora Kalwaria and visited the Jewish cemetry with Henjek Prajs. I am interested in further discussing what you might know about the history in Gora before the war. My dad, Bencjan (Bolek) spoke of a Morris Pelc.
    Rose Pelc

  7. Dr. Helman,

    Es un honor haber recibido este mensaje. Nunca olvidare el impacto que mi familia y yo tuvimos visitando Gur. Y la sorpresa de haber visto el monumento de los argentinos.

    Gracias por haberme escrito.

    Barbara Dillon Hillas

  8. DR. MOISES HELMAN says:

    Estoy muy emocionado y agradecido por esta pagina publicada por ustedes .
    Soy uno de los sobrevivientes del holocausto nacido en Gur
    Al finalizar el conflicto belico, y de regreso a nuestro pueblo observamos con horror el estado de profanacion y detruccion del sagrado cementerio. Un grupo de guerer nos dedicamos a la recnstruccion del mismo dentro de los cuales me encontraba yo, con apenas de 7 anos de edad, lo cual nunca me olvidare He regresado cuatro veces a mi pueblo desde la Argentina y en uno de los mismos he colocado un monumento simbolico en homenaje a mis familiares masacrados HELMAN-GORFINKIEL-MOR -PELC en recuerdo de los mismos y orando para que esto no suceda NUNCA MAS.




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